Published On: Sun, Aug 23rd, 2015

Flash floods affect Pakistan 5th time in row

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Rain is the blessing of Mother Nature but unfortunately in Pakistan it turns into a curse: torrential monsoon rains, which cause flash floods, lead to severe destruction every year.

Ayesha Maqsood Khan

RAWALPINDI: However, this is not only in Pakistan. Changing climate is one of the major challenges in the modern world today. As the world is witnessing changes by the day, i.e. technological advancements, it is ignoring the factors which cause climate change.

While factories manufacture goods for the benefit of the people, harmful smoke emitted from these units is not only a cause of Global Warming but also natural disasters.

Pakistan in recent years has become one of the worst victims of flash floods.

According to Pakistan’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), floods began in late July 2015 when the district of Chitral in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was badly hit by monsoon rains, and to date over 100 people have died:  32 in Punjab, 77 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 13 in Balochistan, 22 in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and 7 in Gilgit Baltistan.

“The floods followed by torrential rains, directly hit over 800,000 and around 2,200 small villages and settlements were washed away due to the massive floods in the entire country,” NDMA said in a statement.

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Floods across the country have uprooted thousands of people and destroyed their shelter, standing crops and infrastructure.

Agriculture is highly dependent on climate conditions and due to climate change not only the productivity of crops is affected but it also disturbs the economic conditions of the country.  

Roads, railway tracks have been damaged along with thousands of electricity poles and communication towers being uprooted, thus causing power disruption across the country. Besides, health problems are a major concern for areas affected by flash floods. People suffer from diseases, including malaria, Dengue, skin infections and diarrhoea, etc. The situation becomes worse if proper shelter, medicines are not provided.

To prevent such situations, one should work on factors that prevent climate change, i.e. plant more trees, build dams, reservoirs, etc. The authorities concerned need to invest in sustainable infrastructure rather than temporary solutions.

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