Published On: Fri, Jul 31st, 2015

‘Screwed’ by climate change: Thar Desert will be hardest hit by global warming


Blog by Manoj Kumar

Pakistan is ranked at top of the list of countries most vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather events. Within Pakistan, southern Sindh province is the worst sufferer to the extreme weather event including 2010 floods that also continued in 2011 and 2012, also severe drought that hit Thar Desert, during large number of new born died. And this year the heat wave that struck provincial capital, the Karachi city, during which more than 1300 people died.


These extreme weather events, which are said to be result of climate change, are not only affecting human beings, but also taking its toll on nature and natural habitat.

The continuous dry spell, which cuased severe drought in the region, has not started affecting not only the ground water but also its has badly affected indigenous plants and many of them are near to be extinction, which yet to be studied officially.

In certain region within this vast scattered Thar Desert, like Kantho and Khahwar with 300 to 400 feet deep ground water aquifers, where, according to local the water level has dropped to 30 to 40 feet more deep, which is alarmingly.


Besides that several species of indigenous plants have dried up completely and locals apprehend that even if there is torrential rains, these plants will not be recovered.

Thar is already suffering with massive deforestation, due to increasing population, mass level tree cutting my timber mafia and also because of the development work.


The local population is dependent on these indigenous trees for the fodder for their animals and food for themselves and in such condition when local plants are vanishing, experts are of the view that drought will be more severe for the region.

In such conditions, a mass scale tree plantation is needed to not only preserve the indigenous plants species but also to protect the region from severity of the extreme weather events, like drought and heat waves.

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